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Cooling the Cities - Rafraîchir les villes
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Cooling the Cities - Rafraîchir les villes

Cooling the Cities - Rafraîchir les villes

Mat Santamouris, J. Adnot, S. Alvarez, N. Klitsikas, M. Orphelin, C. Lopes, F. Sanchez

263 pages, parution le 02/12/2004

Résumé

The power consumption due to air-conditioning of buildings becomes particularly significant in an urban environment because the temperature of the air of dense urban districts is higher than in the suburbs. This phenomenon, as well as the increase in the standards of living and other factors namely heatwaves, contribute to the growth of the traditionally low demand for artificial air-conditioning in Europe.

Case studies make it possible to measure the heat island effect (the accumulation of heat in cities), to characterize the additional electricity consumption of the buildings in an urban environment, and to give an overall picture of the practices, techniques and materials which can help to cool the cities. Priority is given to the practices which avoid the need for artificial air-conditioning by taking into account the environment, the use of vegetation and "cool" materials for the construction of pavements and buildings. For the remaining needs for air-conditioning, the present systems of air-conditioning can also become more energy efficient.

Case studies conducted in Seville made it possible to measure the dispersion of the needs for air-conditioning around their average value for the various zones of the city. One of the case studies evaluates the benefit associated with the systematic plantation of trees and other plants in Athens. Another case study relates to Paris and estimates the importance of centralized solutions for air-conditioning in an urban environment.

This book results from a study launched by the European Commission and is written by authors from three European countries very concerned by heatwaves and their effects downtown: Greece (Athens), Spain o (Seville) and France (Paris). All of them are professors or researchers in very high level laboratories (Group Building Environmental Studies in Athens University, Energy Laboratory in Ecole des Mines de Paris and in Seville University).

Ce livre contient un résumé des principaux résultats en français.
La majorité des développements techniques sont présentés en anglais.

L'auteur - Mat Santamouris

Professor Mat Santamouris, a recognised expert in building physics and the application of solar and energy efficient technologies, has co-ordinated numerous international R&D programmes and acted as external evaluator for the EC. He has had many books published in these fields and is a member of the editorial board for four journals. He is based at the University of Athens, Greece and is Visiting Professor at the University of North London, UK.

Sommaire

  • Préface
  • Institutions parlementaires
  • Contents
  • Résumé
  • Summary
  • Cooling in Cities: local and global solutions
  • Improving the Microclimate in Urban Environment
  • Adapting the Urban Buildings to the Urban climate
  • Advanced low energy consumption air conditioning systems available to the end user
  • District cooling and Demand Side Management as tools for energy efficiency
  • Case Studies
  • Références - Further reading
Voir tout
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Caractéristiques techniques

  PAPIER
Éditeur(s) Presses des Mines - Transvalor
Auteur(s) Mat Santamouris, J. Adnot, S. Alvarez, N. Klitsikas, M. Orphelin, C. Lopes, F. Sanchez
Parution 02/12/2004
Nb. de pages 263
Format 16 x 24
Couverture Broché
Poids 434g
Intérieur Noir et Blanc
EAN13 9782911762543
ISBN13 978-2-911762-54-3

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